SDG 13. Climate action
NUU SELF RESEARCHER IN KAMCHATKA EXPEDITION ON ECO TOURISM
On behalf of Uzbekistan, we are participating in the international expedition “Kamchatka: Northeast Ring of Fire” from August 15 at the invitation of the Russian Geographical Society and the International Expedition Committee. A total of 17 scientists and young researchers from Egypt, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Germany, Russia, Belarus, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Poland, Armenia, Saudi Arabia are participating in this international expedition.
The main goal of the international expedition is to determine the natural geographical basis for the further development of ecotourism in protected areas, to assess natural conditions and resources for ecotourism purposes, and to determine the dynamics of landscapes, the amount of anthropogenic pressure on the landscapes of the area, and, as a result, to determine measures for nature protection.
The first 5 days of our field research took place in the Pacific Ocean, the Sea of Okhotsk, and the Avachinsky Gulf. In this, the landscapes of the Pacific Ocean and coastal areas, the natural geographical aspects of the objects that can attract the attention of tourists were studied, and a tourist map-reference was prepared.
Then, for 10 days, tracking was organized to Nalicheva National Park, which is part of the Vulkany Kamchatki reserve network in the Nalicheva Valley. Tracking began at the foot of Avachinsky and Koryakskaya volcanoes. For three days, the rocks, relief, climate, surface water characteristics of these volcanoes were studied in order to organize ecotourism routes and develop extreme types of tourism, and samples were taken from rocks (volcanic lapillas) and river waters.
After that, we reached the Nalichevo National Park. There, geysers (hot springs) and landforms formed by volcanoes were introduced, and a description of the landscape of the area was prepared. In order to create amenities for tourists, determine the directions of new routes, and place new infrastructure facilities, the areas with favorable terrain, rocks and climate were determined and mapped. A proposal was made to build a swimming pool and a mud treatment facility using hot spring water on the banks of the Travertine River.
This area is famous not only for hot springs, but also its unique forests (diversity of plant cover). Wild raspberry, shiksha, golubika from forest fruits are widespread in the area, it is significant with endemic fauna, (taking into account the high number of hares and brown bears) for those interested in extreme types of tourism, a protected area serving to observe the life of brown bears and new ecotourism routes for agro-tourism enthusiasts have been defined and mapped. At the moment, we are participating in the conference regarding the description of the completed works and processing conclusions about the results of the expedition and the determined measures.