science has suffered a heavy loss.
Scientist of the Republic of Uzbekistan, founder of biophysics, academician of
the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, winner of the Beruni State Prize,
teacher, honorary academician of the National University of Uzbekistan Bekjon
Oybekovich Tashmuhamedov has died at the age of 85.
Bekjon Oybekovich Tashmuhamedov began his scientific and pedagogical activity in 1963 at the Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Faculty of Biology, National University of Uzbekistan (Tashkent State University). The establishment of the School of Biophysics in Uzbekistan is associated with his name. Throughout his life, the scientist made a significant contribution to the development of biophysics and the training of highly qualified specialists. Since the establishment of the School of Biophysics, it has led to a large-scale fundamental research not only at the National University of Uzbekistan, but also at the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan. In 1965, Bekjon Tashmuhamedov established the Laboratory of Biophysics at the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan and headed it from 1965 to 1977. In 1977, on the basis of this laboratory, the Department of Biophysics was established at the Institute of Biochemistry, which until 1985 was headed by Bekjon Tashmuhamedov. This department includes laboratories of cell biophysics, molecular biophysics and membrane biophysics, where extensive research in the fields of biological physics, electrophysiology, molecular biophysics and biochemistry has been conducted. Later, these laboratories were included in the Institute of Physiology and Biophysics of the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, which in 1985-1992 was headed by a scientist Tashmuhamedov. The Department of Biophysics and the Institute of Physiology and Biophysics have played an extremely important role in the training of highly qualified specialists - candidates of sciences and doctors of sciences in the field of biophysics.
In order to strengthen the relationship of the National University of Uzbekistan with basic scientific institutions, in 1988 a branch of the Department of Biophysics was established at the Institute of Physiology and Biophysics of the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan. In it, bachelors, masters and graduate students of our University study the basic methods of modern biophysics and conduct research on their scientific work.
Born at the University, the School of Biophysics operates not only at the Institute of Physiology and Biophysics of the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, but also at other research institutes. The School of Biophysics, founded by Bekjon Tashmuhamedov, has a high reputation in the world. Currently, representatives of the School of Biophysics of Uzbekistan are actively working in many prominent scientific centers around the world.
Bekjon Oybekovich Tashmuhamedov was born on January 27, 1935 in Tashkent in the family of the famous Uzbek writer Oybek. He graduated in 1958 from the Faculty of Biology of Moscow State University. The scientist conducted extensive research on excitable membranes. Bekjon Tashmuhamedov leads research on the study of physiological control of membrane activity and the mechanism of action of various physiologically active substances (hormones, cardiac glycosides, zoo- and phytotoxins, pesticides, insect pheromones, membrane active complexes, etc.) on membranes and special membrane products. During the implementation of the All-Union program called "Nerve Impulse" and "Ion Channel", he and his staff classified modifier-toxins and channel-former-toxins, identified a number of toxins that affect the lipid base of membranes, as well as sodium and calcium channels of excitable membranes.
Under the leadership of Bekjon Tashmukhamedov, a new class of spider neutrotoxins was discovered, which revealed a specific and irreversible effect on the postsynaptic membrane of glutamatergic synapses in vertebrates, crustaceans and insects. With the help of these toxins, the isolation and reconstruction of glutamate receptors present in the neuromuscular synapses of rat brains, locusts and locusts was achieved. New channel-forming proteins have also been found among the venom of highly pathogenic bacteria such as staphylococci, plague vibrio and cerebral bacillus.
The research conducted by Bekjon Tashmuhamedov and the scientific school created by him is recognized not only in our country, but also by the world scientific community. He has presented reports at various international congresses and symposiums. Also, conducted research in the field of experimental physiology and biophysics (Germany, UK, USA, Sweden, France, Switzerland, Peru, Denmark, Singapore) and various laboratories around the world (Humboldt University in Berlin, Maryland University in the USA, Soviet-Peruvian Biology Station in Peru, Cambridge University in the UK, Okazaki National Institute of Physiology in Japan).
Bekjon Oybekovich Tashmuhamedov is a principled and talented researcher, knowledgeable organizer and active scientist who promotes science and is one of the leading scientists in the field of biophysics and physiology in Uzbekistan. His brilliant memory will forever remain in the hearts of scientists, the team of the National University of Uzbekistan and our youth.
Information Service of the
National University of Uzbekistan