The National University of Uzbekistan named after Mirzo Ulugbek is the first and leading higher education institution not only in Uzbekistan, but also in Central Asia: 15 faculties, 80 chairs, 16 joint education programs, The number of graduates is 200,000+

Department of general physics

Begmatova Dilfuza - Head of department

 100174, Universitet street 4, Olmazor district, Tashkent

 Monday-Friday, 14:00 – 17:00

+998 90 959-17-93


History and main activities of the department. In 2005, the departments "Interfaculty Department of General Physics", established in 1969, "Methods and History of Teaching Physics" established in 1976, and the Department "Atmospheric Physics" established in 1955 were merged into one department called "General Physics, Methods teaching physics and atmospheric physics. Since 2011, it has been called the Department of General Physics.

The department of "Physics" began its activity from the day of foundation of the university. Famous scientists such as N.N. Zlatovratsky, A.E. Levashev, N.V. Krymenevsky, L.N. Dobretsov.

In 1936, the Department of Experimental Physics was established at the Department of Physics. In the period from 1936 to 1965, the department was headed by outstanding scientists such as S.V. Starodubtsev, Yu.N. Schuppe, S.U. Umarov, I.I. Islamov and Y. Andreev. In 1965-1969, the Department of Experimental Physics was headed by Assoc. R.K.Karimov. He showed great initiative in updating the educational and laboratory equipment of the department, improving existing work and organizing new laboratory work.

In 1969, the Department of "Experimental Physics" was divided into two parts: "Experimental Physics" for students of the Faculty of Physics and "Inter-Faculty General Physics" for students of natural faculties.

In 1969-1989 Department of "Experimental Physics" was headed by Assoc. U.V. Azizov, and in 1989-1995. prof. I. Boribaev. From 1976 to 2004, the department "Methods of teaching and the history of physics" was headed by prof. E.N. Nazirov.

In 1969-1991, the Department of Interfaculty General Physics was headed by a well-known scientist in the field of physics and chemistry of solids, prof. M.A. Marupov. The merit of M.A. Marupov in improving the teaching of physics at universities and universities in general deserves attention. From 1991 to 2012, the department was headed by Professor U. Abdurakhmanov. In 2012, Professor A.V. Umarov, and since 2013 D.A. Begmatova became the head of the department.

The department received a republican grant for fundamental research for 2007-2011 on the topic "The essence of the electrophysical properties of composite materials containing metal nanoparticles in the region of the yield strength." The scientific adviser was the rector of the university prof.G. I. Mukhamedov. Currently, the department has 2 grants:

1. Project ITD K-12-004 “Composite nanomaterials: synthesis and development of elements with desired physical properties” for 2015-2017 is being implemented. (40 million soums). Project leader: U, Yu. Abdurakhmanov.

2. The fundamental project OT-FT-96 "Creation of nanocomposite and polycomplex composites based on natural polyelectrolytes" is being implemented. Project leader: G.I. Mukhamedov.

Professors and teachers of the department conduct training in general physics for students of the faculties of chemistry, mathematics, biology, geology and soil science, philosophy. Along with scientific research, professors and teachers pay great attention to improving the methods of teaching physics, developing scientific and methodological works, creating new laboratory works and using them in the educational process, and using technical means during classes.

The results of scientific research at the department are used in lectures and practical classes with students of the faculties of biology, chemistry, geology, undergraduates in the field of materials science. The results of the grant received in 2003-2005 on the topic “Preparation of prototypes of heat-sensitive fire detectors and receiving devices” were introduced in 2009 in certain sectors of the national economy.

The staff of the department conducts scientific and methodological research on the problems of improving the efficiency of teaching physics in higher educational institutions. In particular, "Improving the theoretical and experimental teaching of physics in higher and secondary specialized educational institutions";

Professors and teachers of the department provide training for students of the Faculty of Physics and master's programs in general courses and special courses. In addition to scientific research, the teachers of the department pay great attention to improving the methods of teaching physics, developing scientific and methodological works, creating new laboratory works and using them in the educational process, using modern pedagogical and information technologies and information and communication technologies during the lesson.

At the same time, they show visual aids and demonstrations in physics to students of higher educational institutions in Tashkent, academic lyceums, professional colleges, students of the Higher Pedagogical Institute. At present, there are 500 sets of lecture experiences, more than 100 multimedia electronic manuals, more than 150 educational films, about 300 educational posters and more than 200 slides. The course of general physics is taught in 3 classrooms using technical teaching aids.

Subjects taught at the department, separately for undergraduate and graduate programs.

Item nameBrief information about the subject
1.MechanicsThe purpose of the subject "Mechanics" is to study the basic laws and patterns of interaction and properties of the movement of bodies and systems of bodies. Its task is to study complex movements and changes in the state of technical systems, starting with mechanical phenomena in nature, to study the content, meaning and application of basic physical laws.
2.Molecular physicThe purpose of teaching the subject is to reveal to students the methods of scientific knowledge of physical phenomena at the junction of teaching thermodynamics and molecular physics. The purpose of teaching the subject is to discover the objective laws of nature applicable to humanity and to apply the results of research in practice and technology. It is impossible to start studying practical and special courses without knowing the basic laws and phenomena of physics. The main goal of teaching molecular physics as a branch of general physics is to form a preliminary understanding of physical theory among future specialists - physicists based on observations, practical tests and generalization of experiments and create a basis for their successful mastery of knowledge in their chosen field of specialization.
3.FizpraktikumThe purpose of teaching the subject is to consolidate the knowledge gained in mechanics, molecular physics, electricity and magnetism, to give the skills to conduct independent experiments and draw conclusions based on the results obtained.
4.Еlectricity and magnetismAn in-depth study of the topic "Electricity and Magnetism" is important in solving fundamental and practical problems related to the phenomena of electricity and magnetism, in the creation and widespread use of complex electrical devices.
5.Methods of teaching physicsThe purpose of teaching the subject is education and upbringing in the process of teaching physics at educational stages and teaching students how to develop their knowledge in physics, using innovative technologies in teaching the subject in order to train highly qualified specialists, i.e. formation of skills and abilities in the use of pedagogical and information technologies, visual aids.
6.Methods of teaching physics and mathematicsThe purpose of teaching the subject is education and upbringing in the process of teaching physics and mathematics at educational stages and teaching students how to develop their physical and mathematical knowledge, using innovative technologies in teaching the subject in order to train highly qualified specialists, that is, to form the skills and abilities to use pedagogical and information technology, visual aids.
7.Physical electronics"Fundamentals of Physical Electronics" covers a number of scientifically based areas: physics and vacuum technology, gas flash electronics, the theory of solid-state electrons, electron emission and their types, and the topics are presented in a methodological sequence. Students deepen and consolidate their theoretical knowledge in laboratory and seminar classes.
8.General physicsThe purpose of teaching the subject is to give students the necessary comprehensive information on the course of general physics, that is, to study the laws of mechanics, molecular physics and thermodynamics, electricity and electromagnetism, optics, atomic and nuclear physics and apply them in practice. in modern technology and everyday life, taking into account their professional characteristics, and in applying them to natural science, it consists in studying the interdependence of processes and their influence on life. This subject is inextricably linked with the theoretical basis of other subjects and in its development serves as the basis for the natural science of a particular direction.

About researchers and scientific works

  Family name first nate, patronemicAcademic degree, title  Dissertation topic
1Begmatova Dilfuza AbdullazhanovnaPhDMethodological foundations of teaching physics topics in higher education by optimizing them based on system analysis.
2Abdurakhmanov UmarbekDScElectrophysical properties of various mixed substances.
3Kurbanov MirzaahmadDScIncreasing the efficiency of didactic functions of a physical experiment in the system of continuous education
4Tursunmetov Komiljon AkhmetovichDScStudy of the law of entropy of melting metals
5Zokhidova Mavluda AbdukarimovnaPhDИндуцированные лазерным излучением процессы переноса и преобразования энергии в молекулярных системах.
6Sodikova Shokhida MirzoakhmadovnaPhD.Creation and implementation in the educational process of special courses related to the field of physics of academic lyceums
7Rakhmonov Ganiboy TadjievichPhDStudy of the kinetics of reactions of hydrogen adsorption and splitting of molecules of alkali metal halide salts on metal surfaces
8Норқулов НематPhDObtaining Nanoelectronic Materials with Thermally Stable Parameters by Alloying Various Inputs into Silicon by Different Methods
9Kamilov Sherzod KhashimovichPhDStudy of the electrophysical properties of composite materials based on polymers filled with various fillers.
10Abdullaev Rahmatulla MirolimovichPhDGrowth of a thin carbon layer on Ir, Re, Pd and its effect on the adsorption, catalytic and emission properties of metals
11Alimov Ravshan AbdurasulovichPhDInelastic Phenomena in the Collision of Atoms and Ions with the Surface of a Solid Body
12Turgunboev Farhod YusupbayevichPhDStudy of the electrophysical properties of the soil
13Rakhimova Yayra MahmudovnaPhDElectrical Properties of Composite Ceramic Materials Containing Nickel Nanoparticles
14Yunusov Anvar KholmatovichPhDPreparation and study of anthracene-doped polymer semiconductors based on polyacrylonitrile
15Nurmatov NebodirPhDMechanisms of formation of electronic structures of metal alloys
16Abdullaev Nuraddin Kuranboevich-Methodological and didactic foundations of system analysis in physical education
17Saidkulov Doston Rustamovich-Electrical properties of heterogeneous materials containing metal nanoparticles in a constant and alternating electric field
18Kholboev Yunusali Khasanovich-Improving the content and teaching methods of the section of physics "Electricity and Magnetism"

Local and foreign partners. The department has established scientific-methodological and practical support relations with the following higher educational institutions and research institutes: Saint-Petersburg Pedagogical University (Russia); Tashkent State Pedagogical University named after Nizomi; Scientific Research Institute of Pedagogical Sciences of Uzbekistan named after Kori-Niyazi; Abdulla Avloni Central Institute of Retraining and Advanced Training of Public Education Workers, as well as CIS countries, including Moscow State University, Moscow Pedagogical University, Chelyabinsk and Kurgan Pedagogical Institutes.

Composition of the department..

Family name first nate, patronemicEmail
1Begmatova Dilfuza
2Abdurakhmanov Umarbekabdurakhmanovu@
4Tursunmetov Komiljon
5Zokhidova Mavluda Abdukarimovnamzakhidova @
6Sodikova Shokhida  
7Rakhmonov Ganiboy
8Норқулов Немат
9Kamilov Sherzod
10Abdullaev Rahmatulla
11Alimov Ravshan
12Turgunboev Farhod
13Rakhimova Yayra
14Yunusov Anvar KholmatovichAnvar_1922@
15Nurmatov Nebodir
16Abdullaev Nuraddin
17Saidkulov Doston
18Kholboev Yunusali

Mug: The department has a circle "Physicists-inventors".