The National University of Uzbekistan named after Mirzo Ulugbek is the first and leading higher education institution not only in Uzbekistan, but also in Central Asia: 15 faculties, 80 chairs, 16 joint education programs, The number of graduates is 200,000+

Department of Economic and Social Geography

Tojiyeva Z - Head of department

 100174, Universitet street 4, Olmazor district, Tashkent

 Monday-Friday, 14:00 – 17:00

+998 90 326 73 70 


The formation and development of economic and social geography as a discipline in Uzbekistan was associated with the Department of Economic and Social Geography of the Faculty of Geography and Natural Resources of the National University of Uzbekistan. Initially, the department was established in 1940 under the name "Economic Geography", which is the only one in Central Asia. Later it became known as "Economic and Social Geography" (1978). 1998 jildan esa, this department Iƶtimoij geography and mintaqavij economy ' name Bilan kўrsatdi activities. Although its name was changed several times later, today it is still known by the same name, "Economic and Social Geography" .                       

The first head of the department was Candidate of Geographical Sciences, Associate Professor V.G. It was Kuznetsov. He was later replaced by Ph.D., Professor M.G. Kadek (1941-1945), Ph.D. Professor VM Chetirkin (1944-1948), Ph.D., Associate Professor RS Lobach (1948-1954), Ph.D., Associate Professor Tsapenko (1954-1959). ) ruled. In the middle of 1960-1969 this task was performed by Ph.D., Associate Professor NG Smirnov. The department was headed by ZM Akramov, Ph.D., Professor, the first local Uzbek scientist. He worked as the head of the department from 1969 to 1984, from 1984 to 2010 the department was headed by a well-known scientist, Ph.D., prof. Headed by AS Soliev. At present, the department is headed by Doctor of Geographical Sciences, Professor ZN Tojieva. 

In the development of scientific and pedagogical potential of the department and the development of educational and methodological work, scientists G.N. Cherdantsev, A.N. Rakitnikov, O.B. Ota-Mirzaev, A.A.Qayumov, T.I.Raimov, R.A. The services of Khodiev, T.E. Egamberdiev, T.T. Tajimov, SS Saidkarimov, S.B. Bakiev, M.R. Burieva, A.M. Sodikov were significant.

If we look at the history of the department, we can see that the most important and topical areas of economic and social geography: economic zoning, industry, agriculture, population geography, urban development and urbanization, in general, research in various fields of social geography. In the 1998-1999 academic year, for the first time among the CIS countries, prof. Theoretical and practical issues related to the direction of the regional economy, put forward by AS Soliev, have been studied with great interest.

In recent years, based on the standards of world development, traditional scientific directions have emerged in Uzbekistan. For example, medical, educational and other services, political geography and geopolitics, social geography, tourism and recreation, medical and disease geography (nosogeography), criminal geography are developing. In all of them, the contribution of the National Scientific School of Economic Geography, formed in the years of independence on the basis of the Department of "Economic and Social Geography" of the National University of Uzbekistan, and the scientists organized in it was significant. It should be noted that two senior scientists Ziyovutdin Mukhitdinovich Akramov and Abdusami Solievich Soliev were leaders in the formation and effective development of this scientific school.

The history of economic geography is primarily concerned with the problems of economic zoning. The issue of economic zoning of our country, in particular, at the Department of National University of Uzbekistan, covers first of all the needs and requirements of natural geography, and then agriculture. Therefore, on the basis of research conducted at the Scientific School of Economic Geography, the transition to the identification of integral, ie the main economic regions. In this regard, well-known scholars V.M. Chetirkin, Z.M. Akramov, A.S.Soliev, O.B. It is known that the scientific directions carried out by Ota-Mirzaev and others have attracted the attention of the scientific community.

The scientific school of economic and social geography in the country has two main directions. One of these areas is agrogeography (agricultural geography) and the other is population geography. In particular, the regional problems of urban development and urbanization are being studied in this direction. The above important scientific directions are the pillars of modern geography of the Motherland, two great scientists and a great man prof. Akramov Ziyovutdin Mukhitdinovich and prof. Soliev was directly connected with the scientific-creative and pedagogical-pedagogical activities of Abdusami Solievich, which were mutually harmonious and fruitful. That is why this informal scientific association can be directly called the Akramov-Soliev Scientific School.

The Scientific School of Economic Geography of Uzbekistan soon gained attention not only in the country, but also in neighboring republics and other foreign countries. In particular, professors and doctors of Moscow State University Yu.G. Saushkin, AIKovalyov, professor of Perm State University MD Sharygin, St. Petersburg State University Professor AIChistobaev, professors of the National University of Kazakhstan S.R.Erdavletov and Sh.M. The Nadirovs gave high marks.

            The main goal of the members of the department is to continue the traditions of the Scientific School of Economic and Social Geography of Uzbekistan, formed by professors ZM Akramov and AS Soliev, to maintain a healthy educational and scientific environment in the community and consistently implemented in our country under the leadership of President Sh.M. Mirziyoyev. to make a worthy contribution to the idea of ​​national independence by training highly qualified and competitive personnel. Currently, the department as a base of geography in Uzbekistan maintains scientific relations with all regional higher education institutions, as well as geographical educational institutions and research institutes of Moscow, Rostov-on-Don (ARGO, Russia), Kazakhstan (KazNU).        

Specifics of training - participates in the training of bachelors and masters within the faculty. The department specializes in training bachelors and masters of geography. The department has a basic doctorate in economic and social geography - 11.00.02.

Name, code and brief description of directions and specialties - On the basis of new state educational standards, teachers of the department prepare bachelors in 60530400 - Geography, 70530402 - Geography (by object of study) and 70530403 - Applied Geography (by field).

2. The disciplines taught at the department are in a separate form for bachelors and masters

the name of the scienceBrief information about science
1Economic and social geographyis the formation of students' knowledge of the theoretical, methodological and practical foundations of economic and social geography (concepts, laws, research methods, etc.) and the ability to apply them in practice.
2Fundamentals of Urban Geography and GeourbanisticsStudents will be able to form the basic concepts and categories of the basics of urban geography and geourbanistics, theoretical foundations, theoretical and practical knowledge of their importance in the socio-economic development of countries and regions.
3Geography of the world economyStudents will develop theoretical knowledge and skills on the development of world economic systems, natural resource potential and the location of sectors of the world economy, to determine the position of individual countries in the world economy and to find comparative advantages.
4Basics of population geography and demographyChanges in the number and composition of the population, the formation of knowledge about the location and territorial movement of the population, the natural and mechanical movement of the population, the racial, religious and ethnic composition of the population.
5Geography of UzbekistanFormation of complex knowledge, skills and abilities of students in the natural and economic-social geography of Uzbekistan.
6Geography of the worldStudents will learn about the formation, development, structure, components, relief, climate, waters, soils, flora and fauna of the continents and oceans, landscapes, events in the formation of natural complexes, economic and geographical location of countries and regions, population, economic development.
7Geography of Central AsiaStudents will develop knowledge and skills on the laws of development and management of natural-geographical, geo-ecological, socio-economic and political processes in the Central Asian region within the "nature-population-economy" system.
8Agricultural GeographyStudents will develop knowledge, skills and competencies in the territorial structure of agriculture and the geographical aspects of its development. Explain the role and importance of agriculture in the national economy; Identify and assess the factors of territorial organization and development of agriculture; analysis of the development of agriculture in the world and in its various regions, in individual countries; organization, implementation and training to draw conclusions on the geographical study of agriculture.
9Geographical bases of nature useStudents will be able to determine the criteria for the right or wrong use of nature, the correct use of nature, first of all, based on general geographical laws, the formation of knowledge, skills and abilities about the content and essence of ecological economic relations between nature and society.
10Geography of citiesUrban geography is a separate branch of economic and social geography, which is taught to students of geography in higher education. Historical-geographical, social development of types and systems of science cities. economic-geographical, urban planning, revealing the complex, modern global nature of urbanization, the content and significance of the development strategy of cities and their territorial systems, the basics of location, development, design and management of cities.
11Applied geographyIt is important that students have a thorough knowledge of geography-related areas of practice. Applied geography includes landscape research, engineering and geophysical research, geographical assessment and geophysical forecasting, research of geoecological problems, rational use of land and water resources, economic assessment of natural conditions and resource forecasting for agricultural and urban planning purposes. Applied geophysics provides knowledge on the specifics of land reclamation activities and urban planning, regional organization of industry, agriculture, transport and public services. In this regard, it is important that each geographer has a deep understanding of the future direction of the problems of regional characteristics and opportunities.
12Economic and social geography of Central AsiaThe subject of economic and social geography of Central Asia teaches students of geography the features of economic and geographical development of our republic and neighboring Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, natural raw material potential, population and labor resources, economy, its sectors and territorial structure, development features. is the formation of knowledge
13GeodemographyStudents learn the laws and characteristics of the development of natural population movements, the theory of demographic transition, types and stages of population reproduction, scientific and practical assessment of the laws of development; to study the theoretical foundations of population, to determine the demographic regularities of demographic policy and demographic concepts, to develop demographic forecasts on the basis of statistical, mathematical methods
14Methodology of economic and social geographyThis course provides students with research methods, and parts of the process of teaching geography, didactic tools, information about teaching, the use of technical means in teaching science and geography, non-traditional and interactive lessons.
15GeourbanisticsStudents will develop theoretical and practical knowledge and skills in the field of urbanization and urban development, the laws of location, their planning, territorial organization and monitoring and regulation. to analyze them as a single system, to determine the interrelationship of all objects and elements in the city, to teach the process of urbanization and forecasting the development of cities.
16Medical geographyIt is to teach students the development of methods of teaching nature and geography, their relationship with other disciplines, structure, content, methods and techniques, the educational process. This course provides students with research methods, parts of the process of teaching nature and geography, didactic tools, information about teaching, the use of technical means in teaching science and geography, non-traditional and interactive lessons.
17Population policyThe structure and methods of conducting population policy for students in the master's program, family, marriage and demographic situation and the impact of others on demographic policy, the implementation of demophysical policy and the formation of knowledge, skills and abilities. Population policies and their directions, solving important tasks in the field of demographic security, drawing conclusions, developing the concept of development in the field of population, teaching to draw conclusions based on analysis
18Ecological planning of urbanized areasMasters gain knowledge of the theoretical foundations and concepts of urban ecology, environmental problems of the urban environment and their study.
19New directions of social geographyIt consists of teaching students the scientific and theoretical foundations of social geography and its new scientific directions. The task of science is to acquaint students with the scientific and theoretical foundations of social geography, the features of its formation and development, new directions of social geography - service geography, socio-geographical ideas of Western scientists, medical-geographical research, social zoning and the organization and conduct of scientific research. and skills formation.

About the scientific work of researchers

  №Full name of the researchers of the teaching staffAcademic degree, titleThe topic of the dissertation
1Nazarov Mamatkodir Ismatillaevichg.f.n., docentTerritorial organization and development of social infrastructure in rural areas of Uzbekistan
2Kurbanov Shukhrat BekmetovichG.f.f.d. (PhD), docentSocio-geographical analysis of the quality of life of the population in the regions of Uzbekistan: theory, methodology, practice

4. Information about agreements of foreign and local cooperation

Information about the agreement of cooperation with local authorities with the Department of Economic and Social Geography

т\рName of organizationDate of signing the contract or memorandumName and phone number of the person in charge of contacting the university
1Research Institute "Mahalla va Oila" under the Ministry of Mahalla and Family Support of the Republic of Uzbekistan25.12.2020Director. N.M.Egamberdieva Tel .:  +998(71)  267 05 36
224th school of Tashkent district Beganchov Y.U. Tel .:+998(99) 0064050
3"O'ZGASHKLITI" unitary state enterprise24.12.2019Director. Y.D.Magrupov Tel .: +998(71) 271-27-07
4“Oʼzb. Res. Institute of Forecasting and Macroeconomic Research under the Ministry of Economic Development and Poverty Reduction01.11.2019Director.U.K.Abidxajaev Tel .: +998 (71) 244-01-17
5G.O. Named after Mavlonov Institute of Seismology Director.V.A.Rafiqov Tel .: +998 (71)  241-51-70
6Republican Academic Lyceum named after SH Sirojiddinov, specializing in "Natural and Exact Sciences" Director. B.J.Rajabov Tel .: +998(71)  2788649
7"Scientific bases and problems of development of economy of Uzbekistan" at TSUE   scientific research center Director.M.B.Kalonov Tel .: +998 (71) 244-01-17
8Regional Center for Retraining and Advanced Training of Public Education of the Republic of Uzbekistan Director. B.F.Yalgasheva Tel .: +998(71)  232-83-94

Information on agreements of foreign cooperation of economic and social geography

т\рName of a foreign universityDate of signing the contract or memorandumName and phone number of the person in charge of contacting the universityThe term of the contract
1Osh State University, Kyrgyz Republic2021 February 1Самиев К.Т Tel: +996 7727136172031 February 1
2Penza State University2019 October 16Гулякова А.Д Tel: +7(841-2)5635112024 October 16
3Kazan federal University2019 September 20thПанасюк М.Б Tel: +7 (843)292-69-772022 year December 31
4Moscow State University2017 year April 11СадовничийВ.А. Tel: +7 (495) 939-10002022 year April 11
5National Geographical Society of Kazakhstan2018 year March 17Байғарин Қ. Tel: +8 (7172) 999 3362023 year March 17
6Baltic Federal University2018 year May 2ДружининА.Г. Tel: +7401259-55-952023 year May 2

5. The structure of the department

Фамилия исми шарифиЭлектрон почта
1г.ф.д., проф. З.Н.Тожиева
2г.ф.д.проф. Н.Қ.Комилова
3доц. М.И.Назаров
4доц. С.Қ.Таштаева
5доц. М.М.Эгамбердиева
7доц. С.Л.Янчук
8доц. Ш.Б.Қурбонов